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Comilla District (Chittagong division) with an area of 3085.17 sq km, is bounded by Brammanbaria and Narayan Ganj districts on the north, Noakhali and Feni districts on the south, Tripura (state of India) on the east, Munshi Ganj and Chandpur districts on the west. Annual average temperature maximum 34.3?C, minimum 12.7?C; annual rainfall 2551 mm. Main rivers are Meghna, Gumti and Dakatia.
Comilla (Town) stands on the bank of the Gumti river. It consists of 18 wards and 46 mahallas. It has an area of 11.47 sq km and a population of 168378; male 52.56%, female 47.44%. Literacy rate among the town people is 60.3%. In the suburb there exists the Commonwealth War Cemetery Memorials, Muktajuddha Museum at Mainamati Cantonment and bangladesh academy for rural development, Mainamati Museum, Comilla Cadet College at Courtbari. Comilla Town is blessed with the memories of national poet Kazi Nazrul Islam. Nazrul Islam married twice in life, one at Daulatpur of Muradnagar upazila of the district and the other at Comilla Town. Those places have been marked with memorial plates. Poet Rabindranath Tagore visited Comilla twice. Ustad Muhammad Hussain, Fazle Nizami and Kulendu Das have enriched the cultural heritage of the town. Ustad Ayet Ali Khan established a musical institute here.
The Comilla region was once under ancient Samatat and was joined with Tripura State. This district came under the reign of the kings of the Harikela in the ninth century AD. Lalmai Mainamati was ruled by Deva dynasty (eighth century AD), and Chandra dynasty (during tenth and mid eleventh century AD). It came under the rule of East India Company in 1765. This district was established as Tripura district in 1790. It was renamed Comilla in 1960. Chandpur and Brahmanbaria subdivisions of this district were transformed into districts in 1984. Comilla district has 5 municipalities, 54 wards, 148 mahallas, 12 upazilas, 1 thana, 180 union parishads, 2704 mouzas and 3624 villages. The upazilas are comilla sadar, barura, chandina, daudkandi, laksam, brahmanpara, burichang, chauddagram, debidwar, homnA, muradnagar and nangalkot; the municipalities are Comilla Sadar, Barura, Chandina, Daudkandi and Laksham.
Archaeological heritage and relics:
Marks of rich ancient civilization have been found in Lalmai Mainamati hills. In these hills there are plenty of archaeological sites including Shalvan Vihara, Kutila Mura, Charandra Mura, Rupban Mura, Itakhola Mura, Satera Ratna Mura, Ranir Banglar Pahar, Ananda Bazar Palaces, palaces of Bhoj King, Chandi Mura, etc. Various archaeological relics including images and metalled utensils discovered from these viharas, muras and palaces are now preserved in the Mainamati Museum. Other archaeological heritage and relics include Saptaratna Mandir (Jagannath Mandir), Shah Suja Mosque, Dharmasagar, Chandimata Mandir or Chandi Mura (on the top of Lalmai Hill of Barura), Chandala Shiva Mandir (Brahmanpara, eighteenth century), Saitshala Jami Mosque (Brahmanpara, 1719), Mazars of Panch Pir (five saints) at Shashidal (Brahmanpara, 1815), Harimangal Math (Brahmanpara, 1822), Ramnagar elongated Math (Brahmanpara, 1705), Saitshala Rammahan Mandir (Brahmanpara, 1805), Hasnabad Math and Hatiabhanga Fort (Daudkandi).
Literacy and educational institutions:
Average literacy 33.1%; male 40.2% and female 26%. Educational institutions: university college 4, private university 1, medical college 1, teacher's training college 2, law college 1, government college 11, non-government college 56, polytechnic institute 1, para medical institute 1, homeopath college 1, cooperative college 1, government commerce college 1, government high school 9, non-government high school 444, junior high school 66, government primary school 1334, non-government primary school 799, survey institute 1, primary education training institute 1, nursing training centre 1, blind and deaf school 1. Noted educational institutions: Comilla Victoria University College (1899), Comilla Zila School (1837), Comilla High School (1842), Fazilatunnesa Government Girls' High School (1873), Comilla Cadet College,
Shashidal Union High School (1890), Chandana K B High School (1920), Madhavpur Sheikhlal High School (1911), Burichang Ananda Pilot High School (1925), Chandina Pilot High School (1916), Chauddagram H J Pilot High School (1921), Eliotganj R B High School (1908), Raipur K C High School (1912), Barpara Girls' High School (1919), Debidwar Reazuddin High School (1918), Homna Pilot High School (1929), Bhangara High School (1887), Ramchandrapur High School (1918), Sreekail College (1942).
Peasants Movement against the king of Tripura in 1764 under the leadership of Samsher Gazi is a notable historical event. Communal tension spread over Comilla when a Muslim was shot at Comilla town during the partiition of bengal in 1905. During the preparation of a countrywide hartal on 21 November 1921, protesting the visit of India by Prince of Wales, Kazi Nazrul Islam composed patriotic songs and tried to awaken the town people. During this time Avay Ashram, as a revolutionary institution, played significant role. Poet Rabindranath Tagore and Mahatma Gandhi visited Comilla at that time. In 1931, the British Gurkha soldiers fired indiscriminately and killed four persons of village Mohini of Chauddagram upazila when about four thousand peasants of this village revolted against paying land revenue. In a huge peasant gathering the police fired at Hasnabad of Laksham Upazila in 1932. Two persons were killed and many wounded in this firing.
This is one of the main attractions in Comilla. This is one of the richest academic institutions for conducting research and action research; execute projects and pilot experimentation and imparting training in the diversified areas of rural development. The famous Comilla Model has been developed for sustained development. Besides academic excellence, the beautiful gardens and planned plantations of various trees are really enjoyable. You can also avail yourself of the facilities to organize seminar symposium and training in this complex .It is undoubtedly one of the good venue in Bangladesh where you can organize seminar, symposiums and workshops. BARD has excellent accommodation facilities for over 250 persons and its cafeteria provides quality foods. For one or two days refreshing you can go to BARD and spend some good time in a very secured and calm place.
This site previously called salban rajar bari came out after archaeological excavation asa Buddhist monastery and hence termed as salban vihar From terracotta seals. Plate discover here its original hare is supposed to have been vhava deva mahavihara. After the 4th king of the early deva dynasty which ruled this region during mid 7th to mid 8th century A.D.The large square monastery of 550 feet sides with 115 monastic cell. A dominant . central shrine and a number of subsidiary shrines, stapes and chapels, provides access through its monumental gate on the north while the central shrine revealed six building phases and 2nd phases of the central shrine remains buried under the 3rd, 4th and 5th periods but the remains of the 6th phases have been remove from the top. The cruciform central shrine of third period built with the monster as a single Complex.
The large assemblage of valuable antiquities recovered from excavation in the site and raw housed in the museum are of great importance in as sundaes
those contributes significantly to our knowledge of ancient vangasama tata, covering a period of about seven hundred years from 6th to 12th century .A.O.
Comilla Khade :
It is called khadi , because its threads are called off by ‘charka' a special typewhich is famous for khadi products. Its factory sitnaled on chandina at comilla khadi cloth are mode according to the dimands of customer. This cloth is so famous that it is also exported to foreign countries . some famous khadi products are :Lungi fatowa ,Bed sheet ,shirt ; gamsa panjabi e.t.c. Uavers gets anarage 20%profit by making khadi products Comilla is a big city and most of its population are literated . They are middle class and lower class family . Their proffesion are service holder , farmer , rikshaw driver ,business man etc. Most of them lives in villages .Many of our village's population are poor .They works on paddy field . Theirchildens does not reads in school .As they are poor , they works in paddy field ,fatory for earn money.Begides this , those lives in town , are litarated . They are service holders and drsiress man . They work in office, Bank ,court etc. Their carning sovree is better.
Lalmai & Maynamoti Hill :
If you are in Comilla and already visited Lalmai, Moinamoti then don't miss to go Moinamoti museum – where you will find the historical things found in Lalmai & Moinamoti of 7th & 8th
centuries.The Mainamati site Museum has a rich and varied collection of copper plates, gold and silver coins and 86 bronze objects. Over 150 bronze statues have been recovered mostly from the monastic cells, bronze stupas, stone sculptures and hundreds of terracotta plaques each measuring on an average of 9" high and 8" to 12" wide. Mainamati is only 114 km. from Dhaka City and is just a day's trip by road on way to Chittagong . [Bangla Language]
Medical :college hospital 1, zila sadar hospital 1, police hospital 1, district hospital 1, upazila health complex 12, military hospital 1, diabetic hospital 1, tuberculosis hospital 1, modern hospital 2, charitable dispensary 26, maternity and child welfare centre 2, rural health centre 2, leprosy hospital
Hotel Of Comilla:
1. "Bangla Restora " this hotel owner by best singer of "ASIF", it is infront of comilla zilla School.(non residential).
2. "Nurjahan hotel" is situated in comilla Paduar Bazar highway of Dhaka Chittagong. (Residential).
3. "Jur kanon hotel" is situated in comilla Shoa gong highway of Dhaka Chittagong. (non residential).
4. "Dina hotel" it is situated in comilla Kandirpar. (non residential).
5. "Yum-yum" situated in comilla Monohorpur, it is best of "Barger". (Non residential).
6. "Chondo mear hotel" Chondo mear Hotel is situated of Comilla Padua Bazar it is best for (alor barta). (non residential).
7. "Moynamoti hotel" it is situate in Comilla Badsha Mear Bazar. (Residential )
8. "Melodi" it is situate in Comilla Badsha Mear Bazar. (Residential).
Fire Service & Civil Def. 5888, 5090
Comilla Banks :
Sonali Bank 6569,
Schools and Colleges :
Cinema Halls :